The primary use for Java packages is for printing barcodes to a printer from a web browser. Below is a chart listing the advantages and disadvantages of each type of implementation that displays barcodes on web browsers.

Purchase or Download the IDAutomation Java Barcode Packages.

Applets vs Servlets:

Advantages for using as a Servlet Disadvantages for using as a Servlet
  • The most dependable solution.
  • Barcode can be inserted in dynamic HTML with the IMG tag.
  • Because a JPEG is generated at the server, it is compatible with all web browsers.
  • Offers better performance for workstations with slower CPUs.
  • Usually less load time on the browser than applets.
  • More difficult to install and configure.
  • Centralized barcode processing and image generation places more load on the server.
  • More load on the server can cause poorer performance than applets would if the server's CPU is very busy or if the barcode image generated is greater than the size of the applet JAR file.
Advantages for using as an Applet Disadvantages for using as an Applet
  • Easy to install and modify.
  • Processing occurs at the workstation, which offloads the processing of barcode images from the server.
  • Does not require any custom modifications to the server.
  • The small size of the JAR files provides quick applet load times.
  • Quick barcode generation can be achieved over slow connections by pre-loading applets.
  • Some installations of NS6 and IE5.5 do not print applets.
  • Although the JAR files are small, the browser must read the JAR file, which can cause poor performance over slow dial-up lines. The JAR is about the size of a normal graphic image and is stored in the browser's cache. This problem is solved by pre-loading applets.
  • Not compatible with browsers that do not have a Java VM such as NS v1 or old versions of Mosaic.

Online Examples: Java Applet | Java Servlet

For other implementations of creating barcodes on web pages, please review the Internet & web pages barcoding FAQ.

* The size of the JAR file can be reduced by about 10K for applet operation by removing all files in the encoder directory of the JAR file because these are only used for servlets and graphic file creation.

Applet Pre-Loading:

Pre-loading the applet on a previous page can reduce the time it takes to create barcodes on web pages using applets. This type of implementation places the JAR file in the browser's cache and allows quick barcode generation - even over slow dial-up lines. The following JavaScript code pre-loads the Linear Barcode Package.

CODE = "IDABarCode.BCApplet"
ARCHIVE = "IDABarCode.jar"
NAME = "PreloadApplet"
WIDTH = 1 HEIGHT = 1 HSPACE = 0 VSPACE = 0 ALIGN = top >

Servlet Source Example

IDAutomation's Servlet is compatible with all browsers and is easy to embed in HTML as an image with the <IMG> tag. See example or view the Servlet demo.

Purchase or Download the Java Barcode Packages now.

Creating secure servlets:

Programmers that modify the servlet source code provided can accomplish other methods of servlet operation. This may be necessary to prevent the end-user from manipulating the servlet. A working example is provided in the file, which is in the source code ZIP file of the linear package.

The following code is an example of the java class library being used as a custom secure servlet:

// JAVA Source for com.idautomation.linear; 3.1
// Copyright,, Inc. 2000-2004. 
// All rights reserved.
// You may incorporate our Source Code in your application
// only if you own a valid Java Developer License
// from, Inc. and the copyright notices 
// are not removed from the source code.
package com.idautomation.linear;
import javax.servlet.*;
import javax.servlet.http.*;
import java.awt.Graphics2D.*;
import java.awt.*;
public class IDAutomationSecureServlet extends HttpServlet
 * Handle the HTTP POST method by sending an e-mail
 private boolean debug = false;
 public void init() throws ServletException {
 private BarCode getChart(HttpServletRequest request) {
  BarCode cb = new BarCode();
  cb.code = "SecureServlet";
  return cb;
 // Handle the request
 // 1. create barcode
 // 2. draw barcode in a Buffered Image
 // 3. encode image as GIF or JPEG and send it to the browser
 public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request,
  HttpServletResponse response)
 throws ServletException, IOException
  PrintWriter out;
  ServletOutputStream outb;
  //default encoding type
  String encode = "jpeg";
  if (request != null) {
   if (request.getParameter("FORMAT") != null) encode = request.getParameter("FORMAT").toLowerCase();
   if (encode.compareTo("gif") != 0) encode = "jpeg";
  response.setContentType("image/" + encode);
  outb = response.getOutputStream();
  // avoid caching in browser
  response.setHeader("Pragma", "no-cache");
  response.setHeader("Cache-Control", "no-cache");
  response.setDateHeader("Expires", 0);
  try {
   // find sizes
   int w = 10;
   int h = 10;
   // get the BarCode
   BarCode cb = getChart(request);
  if ((request != null) && (request.getParameter("WIDTH") != null) && (request.getParameter("HEIGHT") != null)) {
    w = new Integer(request.getParameter("WIDTH")).intValue();
    h = new Integer(request.getParameter("HEIGHT")).intValue();
   } else {
    //a temp image must be created to find the preferred size
    cb.autoSize = true;
    cb.setSize(170, 90);
    java.awt.image.BufferedImage imageTemp = new
     cb.getSize().width, cb.getSize()
     .height, java.awt.image.BufferedImage.TYPE_BYTE_INDEXED
    java.awt.Graphics imgTempGraphics = imageTemp.createGraphics();
    w = cb.getSize().width;
    h = cb.getSize().height;
   java.awt.image.BufferedImage BarImage = new java.awt.image.BufferedImage
   (w, h, java.awt.image.BufferedImage.TYPE_INT_RGB);
   java.awt.Graphics2D BarGraphics = BarImage.createGraphics();
   if (debug) System.out.println("Size: " + w + " " + h);
   cb.setSize(w, h);
   if (encode.compareToIgnoreCase("gif") == 0) {
    // encode buffered image to a gif
    cb.setSize(w, h);
    //com.idautomation.linear.encoder.GifEncoder encoder = new com.idautomation.linear.encoder.GifEncoder(BarImage 
    , outb);
  } else
   // create JPEG image
   com.sun.image.codec.jpeg.JPEGImageEncoder encoder = com.sun.image.codec.jpeg.JPEGCodec.createJPEGEncoder(outb);
   //increase the JPEG quality to 100%
   com.sun.image.codec.jpeg.JPEGEncodeParam param = encoder.getDefaultJPEGEncodeParam(
   param.setQuality(1.0 F, true);
   encoder.encode(BarImage, param);
 } catch (Exception e) {
public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request,
 HttpServletResponse response)
throws ServletException
 try {
  doGet(request, response);
 } catch (Exception e) {